New - Frosty Berseem Clover
A cool season, annual legume that can be used in mixtures with other legumes and grasses in pasture or hay situations.
- A non-bloating legume
- Improve the quality and yield of forage
- Create substantial quantities of nitrogen to improve soil and subsequent crops
- Frosty is approximately 45 days later in maturity than crimson clover, allowing for multiple cuttings and grazing
- Crude protein levels have been measured from 16.5 percent to 22.1
New - FIXatioN Balansa Clover
A cool season, annual legume that can serve as a good alternative in multiple cropping scenarios.
- Survived winter temperatures as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit
- Yield potential as much as 5,250 lbs. in a single cutting
- Can support growth up to 3 feet high with stems 8 feet long.
- CP ranges from 22 percent to 28.4 percent and RFV measured as high as 277
- Aggressively produces forage in the spring through early summer months
- Can withstand multiple cuttings and grazing
- Attracts beneficial insects and pollinators
Yellow Blossom Sweet Clover
A biennial sweet clover, long known for its efficiency as a soil builder.
- Vigorous tap root penetrates heavy soils to improve soil drainage
- Excellent nutrient scavenger
- Abundant biomass producer, and excellent N-source as green-manure crop
- Unpalatable to some livestock due to coarse stem and bitter taste
- Not recommend for livestock feed and forage
White Blossom Sweet Clover
White blossom is a biennial that has lost its popularity because of its growth, coarse stems and later maturity, making soil building its lone purpose. It is, however, quite popular in the honeybee industry.
Red clover is the most extensively grown in the Northeastern states and as far south as Tennessee and Virginia. It is also an important crop in the irrigated areas of the Western states, especially Idaho, Washington and Oregon. As a crop, red clover is usually considered a biennial, well suited to short rotations. It is generally used for pasture or hay. It is also a soil improvement crop. Red clover does best on fairly heavy; well-drained fertile soils, but it will tolerate acid soils better than alfalfa. It requires more moisture than alfalfa and is not as winter hardy. It will generally not yield as much as alfalfa where alfalfa is adapted.
Medium Red Clover
A biennial legume, 12 to 15 inches in height. It is well suited in short rotations and generally used in a hay or pasture setting.
- Rapid spring growth, to allow for multiple cuttings and grazing
- Produces excellent forage quality with above average yield
- Shade tolerance allows for use as a cover crop in silage corn
- Excellent winter hardiness
Arlington Red Clover
Resistant to northern anthracnose and powdery mildew with good winter survival. Developed by Wisconsin and USDA.
Mammoth Red Clover
Mammoth red clover, an annual, grows taller and is ten days to two weeks later than medium red clover. It produces only one cutting per season. The hay is coarse. Lodging is often a problem, and leaf losses may be serious if you allow it to go to a full bloom before cutting. Mammoth will grow on poorer soils and requires less moisture than medium red clover.
An introduced, short-lived perennial legume, 15 to 30 inches in height. It is typically planted with grasses for hay and pasture, most commonly with Timothy and brome grasses.
- Avoid planting with tall-statured grasses, as it’s not shade tolerant
- Similar to red clover, but not as high-yielding
- Preferred for very wet and acidic soils
- Normally a one cutting clover
An introduced, non-bloating, perennial legume that should be used in a hay or pasture setting. High protein, high palatability and its drought tolerance make it a good choice for range improvement for livestock or wildlife.
- Typically grows taller than alfalfa
- Produce large amounts of nectar, and is highly attractive to honey bees
- Readily eaten by elk, deer and sage grouse
- Greens up earlier in the spring than alfalfa, and stays green
Ladino White Clover
Ladino white clover is a giant white clover. The plants grow up to 14 inches high. Ladino recovers quickly from grazing or clipping, as new leaf and flower buds are continually developing on the running stems. Ladino has done best on medium to heavy soils with abundant moisture. However, it will tolerate poor conditions better than some other clovers. It is usually sown in a mixture with grasses. In the South, white clover is a winter annual. It ranks high in feed value and is a highly palatable soil improvement crop.
White Dutch Clover
White Dutch clover is used mainly in lawns for ornamental purposes, and can be used in pasture mixes. It is shallow rooted and spreads by creeping stems. White Dutch grows best under cool, fertile, moist conditions, but is adaptable to acidic, poorly drained soils where alfalfa cannot survive.
Berseem clover is an annual forage crop used in the Midwest mainly to spruce up poor or drowned our stands of alfalfa. Berseem is a good nitrogen producer, and if planted by May 1 can give up to 3 cuttings, and reaches 20–30 inches in height. Berseem is low bloat and 18–28% protein. It has yellowish white flowers.
Primarily a pasture legume, this is a long lived, deep rooted, yellow flowered perennial somewhat similar to alfalfa or red clover. It is very winter hardy and drought resistant. Trefoil is highly palatable and has feed value equal to alfalfa. There is much less danger of bloat when pastured than with alfalfa or other clovers. Although slow to establish, it is very persistent, after becoming well established with native sod-forming grasses. Seed must always be inoculated and planted early in the spring in firm, well-prepared seedbed.
This long-lived perennial legume is used extensively for erosion control. It tolerates low fertility, poor soil and is drought resistant. It has minor use as a forage crop. It is palatable to livestock, non-bloating and produces yields between trefoil and alfalfa where adapted.
Used extensively in the United States, hairy vetch is winter hardy and normally an annual. In the northern corn belt hairy vetch should be planted in late September or early October. Stems are weak and viny. Hairy vetch is widely used as green manure crop in the cotton-belt. When planted with oats and cut green it make excellent livestock feed.