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A cool season, annual legume that can be used in mixtures with other legumes and grasses in pasture or hay situations.
A cool season, annual legume that can serve as a good alternative in multiple cropping scenarios.
A biennial sweet clover, long known for its efficiency as a soil builder.
A biennial sweet clover that today is used primarily as a soil builder and pollinator
Red clover is the most extensively grown in the Northeastern states and as far south as Tennessee and Virginia. It is also an important crop in the irrigated areas of the Western states, especially Idaho, Washington and Oregon. As a crop, red clover is usually considered a biennial, well suited to short rotations. It is generally used for pasture or hay. It is also a soil improvement crop. Red clover does best on fairly heavy; well-drained fertile soils, but it will tolerate acid soils better than alfalfa. It requires more moisture than alfalfa and is not as winter hardy. It will generally not yield as much as alfalfa where alfalfa is adapted.
A biennial legume, lasting 3-4 years under good management practices. It reaches a height of 12 to 18 inches and is generally used in hay or pasture settings.
A biennial legume, 12 to 15 inches in height. It is well suited in short rotations and generally used in a hay or pasture setting.
Resistant to northern anthracnose and powdery mildew with good winter survival. Developed by Wisconsin and USDA.
An introduced, short-lived perennial legume that reaches heights up to 15-30 inches.
An introduced, non-bloating, perennial legume that should be used in a hay or pasture setting. High protein, high palatability and its drought tolerance make it a good choice for range improvement for livestock or wildlife.
White Dutch clover is used mainly in lawns for ornamental purposes, and can be used in pasture mixes. It is shallow rooted and spreads by creeping stems. White Dutch grows best under cool, fertile, moist conditions, but is adaptable to acidic, poorly drained soils where alfalfa cannot survive.